THE ANALYSIS OF DICTION AND LANGUAGE STYLE OF MANTRA IN SITUBONDO REGENCY

Putri Yashinta Istiara

 

ABSTRAC

Mantra (spell) is a language which is classified as a ritual language since mantra texts are used for specific purposes. Mantra includes grace spells, thieve spells, rain repellent spells, and kanuragan (supranatural power) spells. Those spells are analyzed based on the diction and language style using referential integrity and descriptive qualitative methods. The uniqueness of mantra lies in Javanese language used in spells applied in Situbondo communities speaking Madurese language. In the context of diction, there are uniquenesses in the use of the first person pronoun sun. The word sun is one of the peculiarities of diction contained in the grace spells and the word of atèna is another pecularity which refers to imperative. The uniqueness of thieve spells is the use of the words sirep and lerep. Rain repellent spells also have uniqueness; that is, the imperative sentence addressed to rain such as ngaliho nang wetan. In kanuragan spells, there is uniqueness in the form of words watu, wesi, waja, geni, as a representation of the spell reader’s power. The language styles as the characteristic of grace spells are ellipsis, repetition, and eponym. Metaphor characterizes thieve spells while the characteristic of rain repellent spells and kanuragan spells is repetition. Based on the use, mantra is used for the purposes of matchmaking, revenge, compassion, sirep, conquering the beast and safety.

Keywords: mantra, grace, shaman , ritual

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