A MARXIAN ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL CLASS IN STEPHENIE MEYER’S THE HOST

Tri Asih Handayani

 

Abstract

This study analyzes Stephenie Meyer’s novel entitled The Host by using Marxist theory which is proposed by Terry Eagleton particularly about the ideology of dominant class as the ruling class which is reflected in literary work. The primary data of this study are any narrative descriptions and dialogues in The Host that are related to the research questions. They are analyzed from the specific cases to general conclusion. Meanwhile, this study also uses the sociological approach to strengthen the idea of the researcher. By relating characters in The Host with the characters of capitalist society, the result of this study shows that the humans are as proletariat and the aliens are as the bourgeoisie. The life of aliens is described in good way while humans’ life is not. Indirectly, it shows the interest of high class to defend their wealth and decrease the conflict of class struggle. It explains that ideological position of the author is in high class side. The discourse about the authority of the high class which is above of the other class is described through The Host story.

 

Key words : social class, dominant class, ideology, marxism, sociology of literature

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