POWER REPRESENTATION OF THE MAIN CHARACTER ABRAHAM LINCOLN IN LINCOLN MOVIE: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS

Shobibah Turrohma

 

ABSTRACT

 

This research uncovers power represented by Abraham Lincoln as the main character in Lincoln movie. For uncovering the power representation by Lincoln, theory of Discourse Analysis combined with Systemic Functional Linguistics Focusing on the transitivity, mood and modality analysis by Halliday (1994) are applied. The theory of power by Fairclough (1989) is also applied to know the power represented by Lincoln in this movie. This research is qualitative and quantitative research using mixed method. The data are in the form of subtitle of Lincoln movie which focuses on the negotiation between Lincoln and his cabinet and Lincoln and the democrat members for legalizing the 13th amendment. From the selected clauses in Lincoln’s dialogue, Lincoln represents his power through the linguistic choice he uses in the negotiation . His power representation is seen through the dominant process which is material process. Using this type of process, he represents himself as the actor who is able to act upon people and things. In terms of mood analysis, the most dominant mood which is declarative mood, makes him as the giver information and place others as the receiver of the information. In this declarative mood, he mostly declares his action towards slavery and information related to the slavery, the amendment, and the rebels. Related to the result of dominant modality, Lincoln mostly uses modality showing probability in his proposition. Through his linguistics choice, Lincoln represents his power as the president to influence other people to support the legality of the 13th amendment.

 

Key words: power representation, Discourse Analysis (DA), Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), transitivity analysis, mood and modality analysis, theory of power.