Tyas Murni Puji Astutik
The objective of the research was to describe and analyze the rises and subside of PT. Kertas Leces Probolinggo in 1990-2014 by studying the history of the company through socio-economic approach. The problems are formulated as following: (1) How were the dynamics of Paper Factory Leces Probolinggo before 1990; (2) What factors caused the ups and downs of Paper Factory Leces Probolinggo until 2014; (3) What was the impact of the ups and downs on the workers and the community?. The theory used in this research was based on the theory by Neil J. Smelser. Methodologically, this research is a historical study, so it applied historical method. The results showed that: (1) The condition of production development and employees of Paper Factory Leces until 2014 very dynamic, because of there are some cases that have to fix by management (2) The causes of the loss of Paper Factory Leces were such as the government policy, financial condition, raw materials, fuel, gas (3) The deterioration of the factory, the construction of boiler, and the actions of the employees struggling for their rights.
Keyword: industrialization, changes, paper factory, economic