A PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY APPROACH; Muhammad Roziqin; 090110201055; 66 pages; Indonesian Literature Faculty of Humanities Universitas Jember.


Padang Bulan is one of Andre Hirata’s works which tells about the first tin panner woman, Enong. This 14-years-old girl attempts to improve her family’s life in order to become better.  Enong lets herself becoming a panner because she failed finding a job in Tanjong Pandan. Since her father dead, Enong has taken over his role as the family tiner.

This research is focused to answer some questions, namely (1) how is the relationship among the structural elements in Padang Bulan? and (2) how is the pragmatic values that emphasize on the personality psychology of Enong? The aims of this study are (1) to describe the structural elements in Padang Bulan, including title, theme, character and characterization, conflicts, and settings and (2) to describe the values of personality psychology of Enong.

The steps of doing the qualitative descriptive method in this research are (1) understanding the novel as the object of study through reading process; (2) classifying data based on the needs in the structural analysis and the personality psychology analysis; (3) doing structural analysis including intrinsic elements in the literary works (title, theme, character and characterization, conflicts, and settings); (4) doing pragmatic analysis that emphasize on psychological aspects based on the aspects of her interpersonal needs. The psychological concepts studied from this novel are the interpersonal needs that constitute Enong’s character as the main character and the type of her personality psychologically according to each need/behavior above.

The title of the novel, Padang Bulan, shows some understandings, namely (1) to show Enong’s tenacity and spirit like as moonlight which is able to enlighten the darkness and (2) to show a name of a place related with Ikal’s past time or Andrea Hirata the child.

The major theme in the novel is “the dream chaser is timeless”. This major theme is supported by some minor themes, namely the father’s message to his children, particularly to give the spirit of struggle, and Ikal’s past time that participates in taking the main character in the story.

The physical conflicts that happen in the novel involve Enong with other tin miners. This condition is in line with the physicial conflict between Enong and nature, in which she felt down into a river. The psychological conflict that happens in the story involves Enong with her society and Ikal with his inner voice.

The main character in the novel is Enong with flat character. The supporting characters who support the main character’s social movement among others are Zamzami, Syalimah, the detective M. Nur, and Ikal. From all the supporting characters, it is only Zamzami who has a flat character.

The settings of the novel among others are place, time, and social settings. The settings of place are a tin mining, a doorway, Numpang Miskin (a name of a coffee shop), a post office, and Tanjong Pandan. The settings of time are dawn, morning, dusk, and midnight. The social settings describe a tradition of giving surprise, a myth of the oldest child, Melayu dialect, and Chinese people.

The pragmatic analysis uses the personality psychology approach that emphasizes the discussion of interpersonal needs theory by William William C. Schutz. The result of this study shows that Enong has the interpersonal need that is more dominant in the social type. In the context of the power needs, Enong tends to be the domocratic type. While in the context of the affective need, Enong is closer to the hyperpersonal type.