Through Train to Pakistan, Khushwant Singh exposes the bloody conflict that happened after the partition of India in 1947. The novel is the depiction of the way in gaining the economic and political interest by Indian elites in the independence period. This study purposes to discover the social condition of India in the partition period and find out the worldview constructed in the novel. The problems are analyzed through genetic structuralism theory by Lucien Goldmann. Four concepts of in Goldmann’s theory; significant structure, human fact, collective subject, and worldview is used to discover the critique toward the anxieties of people in Mano Majra. The anxieties are constructed by the elites to gain economic and political interest through the issue of religious conflicts of India represented in the novel. Train to Pakistan is Singh’s expression to criticize the way in gaining elites’ interest by constructing the whole anxieties among Indian people through the issue of religious conflict as the impact of India partition.
Keywords: Partition, Religious Conflict, Anxieties, Economic and Political Interest.